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Day: August 11, 2020

Congo Basin: “green lung” threatened by deforestation

The second green lung on the planet is being threatened by the growing demand for food, wood, and coal, the lack of economic opportunities, and the illegal trade in species.

The giant forest is distributed in six countries: Congo Democratic Republic, Congo Republic, Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, and Equatorial Guinea.

“We urgently need to understand how Central African forests work to create sustainable plans that benefit communities, climate and biodiversity at the same time,” said Paolo Cerutti, one of the world’s leading experts on the subject and responsible for the Training, Research and Development Project.

There’s a vast flora that has more than 10 thousand plan species and is rich in both plant and animal biodiversity. The Congo Basin also regulates the climate and rain patterns in the world.

The main causes for the region degradation are coal production and slash and burn agriculture, followed by logging and mining.

“Normally, artisanal loggers selectively cut the trees that are of interest to the joinery and construction sectors, then the local population cuts the rest of the trees to make charcoal and, in the last stage, burns all the vegetation in the region to grow food such as manioc. Productivity is very low and the land soon runs out, which is why the cycle repeats itself elsewhere, progressively devouring the forest” explains scientist Silvia Ferrari, cited by the newspaper El Pais.

Read more: https://greensavers.sapo.pt/o-segundo-pulmao-verde-do-planeta-esta-a-ser-ameacado-pelo-desmatamento/

 

Brazil Deforestation: alerts rise to 34,5% in Amazon

According to the Space Research Institute (INPE), when comparing to last year July, there has been a big growth in the numbers of alerts in the Amazonia due to deforestation.

In the last twelve months, the number of alerts covers a total of 9.205 km2 of the world’s biggest tropical forest.

The so-called “deforestation alerts” allow that the state environmental agencies reinforce the control on those areas, monitored by satellites without indicating a specific data of loss of vegetation.

The Climate Observatory, an alliance of organizations in the Brazilian civil society that discusses climate change, criticized the government policy who believes is responsible for the fast devastation of Amazonia.

The deforestation explosion of the Amazon has an important cause the speech of the President of the Republic, which delegitimizes environmental inspection while stimulating the occupation of the region in a predatory model”, stressed Suely Araújo, senior specialist in Public Policies.

Hamilton Mourão, vice president of the country, coordinates an intergovernmental council for the Amazonia and compromised to endorse the region politics, these include the mobilization of 4.000 soldiers of the Forças Armadas, to patrol the region and contain environmental crimes.

Amazon is the biggest World’s tropical forest and owns the biggest biodiversity registered in the planet area.

Read more: https://greensavers.sapo.pt/alertas-sobre-desflorestacao-na-amazonia-sobem-345-no-brasil/